IELTS Vocabulary (10) Negative Emotions

1. Antipathy n. A strong, long-lasting negative feeling
My antipathy toward telemarketers is so strong that I am often rude to them.

2. Arrogantly adv. In a way that shows a high opinion of oneself and a low opinion of others
Jenny told us about her party only one day in advance, arrogantly thinking we had nothing else to do.

3. Berate v. To say insulting and disrespectful things 
 The teacher lost his job because he cruelly berated students who made mistakes.

4. Contemptuous n. Having no respect
Most scientists are contemptuous of reports that aliens from outer space have landed on the Earth.

5. Despise v. Hate very much
Tom grew to despise his greedy and unfriendly boss.

6. Humiliation n. An event that causes someone to feel that she or he has lost the respect of others Losing the chess tournament was a great humiliation for Marie, and she never played chess again.

7. Obnoxious adj. Bothersome; doing small things that others don’t like
My obnoxious neighbor keeps talking to me while I’m trying to read in my backyard.

8. Shame n. Dishonor because one has done something wrong
Feeling deep shame because of their son’s crimes, the Ford family moved to a different town.

9. Stigmatize v. To mark with a visible feature that makes other people think, perhaps incorrectly, that someone or something is wrong Cadbury’s beard and tattoos stigmatized him as a bad match for Wall Street, so he couldn’t find work as a financial analyst.

10. Vitriolic
adj. Showing an extreme, hateful anger
The mayor’s vitriolic attacks against the city council only made him sound unreasonable.

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