NeoTips for Notes and Summary Completion
The words you put must come from the passage and the sentence must be grammatically correct when words are filled.
Try to find the following sentence in the passage below.
Britain decided to send people to live and govern Australia due to __________factors.
This is in the paragraph 2 of the passage.
A number of reasons contributed to Britain’s decision to colonize Australia.
And paragraph used the following paraphrases/ synonyms:
Reasons = factors
Colonize = send people to live and govern
Now, you can easily work out what the true answer is. The correct answer to put in the gap is “a number of”.
Now, using this technique and the tips at the top, read the full passage and first write synonyms and then do the sentence completion exercise (the reading is shorter than a real IELTS reading to improve comprehension).
European Settlement of Australia
European settlement of Australia began in 1788
when a British penal colony was established on the east coast. From this
starting point Australia grew rapidly and continually, expanding across the
A number of reasons contributed to Britain’s
decision to colonise Australia. The most important factor was Britain’s need
to relieve its overcrowded prisons. Several violent incidents at overcrowded
prisons convinced the British government of the need to separate unruly
elements from the rest of the prison populace.
Additionally, Australia was of strategic
importance to Britain, and it provided a base for the Royal Navy in the
eastern sea. Also, Australia could be used as an entry point to the economic
opportunities of the surrounding region. All these points figured in the
decision by Lord Sydney, secretary of state of home affairs, to authorize the
To this affect, on May 13, 1787, Captain
Arthur Phillip, commanding eleven ships full of convicts, left Britain for
Australia. He successfully landed a full fleet at Botany Bay on January 18,
1788. However, they left the bay eight days later because of its openness and
poor soil, and settled instead at Port Jackson, a few kilometres north. The
ships landed 1,373 people, including 732 convicts, and the settlement became
Sydney. Australia Day is now celebrated on 26 January each year, to
commemorate this first fleet landing.
Read the phrases below and then scan them in the paragraph below. Find their synonyms and write them in the blanks.
Words in the Passage
Synonyms from the
these points figured Authorise
every factor into account
Complete the following statements using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS. (put your choice into the gaps – use small letters)
1. Australia was originally founded as __________________.
2. The major consideration in colonizing Australia was Britain’s_______.
3. It was thought that Australia could be utilized as___________ to the neighboring region.
4. Lord Sydney took every factor into account when he gave official permission for__________________ of Australia.
5. Botany Bay was abandoned by the settlers due to the lack of cover and _________________.
Read the text below and answer the questions in No More Than Three Words.
1. What do people think of the Sun now?
2. What is the Sun mainly composed of?
3. Where does the Sun’s power come from?
4. What will happen in the next phase of the Sun’s lifecycle
5. What other elements exist in the Sun?
6. Where did heavy elements in the Sun come from?
The Sun and Its Life Cycle
Once thought to be the centre of the universe,
the Sun has gradually been demoted in cosmic importance and it is now
considered to be a fairly average star of its kind. It consists of a number
of elements, although the vast majority of it is in the form of hydrogen and
helium. Nuclear fusion, the process by which hydrogen is converted into
helium, powers the Sun and will do for approximately another five to six
billion years, at which time the Sun will enter another phase in its life
cycle and start to expand beyond its current size and become cooler. The
other heavy elements present in the Sun, such as iron and carbon, most likely
originated in the final explosive supernova phase of previous generation
Complete the summary of the above passage. Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the text.
In the past, people thought the Sun was particularly important. However, we now think it is actually quite 1 __________ compared to other stars. The main constituents of our closest star are the light elements 2__________ . The Sun is at a point in its lifecycle where it is powered by 3__________ , although this process will not last forever. It will continue for billions of years, but eventually the Sun will begin to 4 __________ and 5 __________ as it enters the next stage of its life. Elements such as 6 __________ are also observed in the Sun. This is because at the end of their life 7 __________ exploded, releasing material that became part of new stars.