Grammar: The Passive Voice Chart

A: A: Verbs make Passives. A verb is in active voice when its subject does some thing to its object and in the passive when it is affected by the agent. 
For example:
The teacher punished the boy
The teacher is the subject and it is affecting the boy which is its object.
In, “The student was punished by the teacher.
The student is the subject and it is being affected by the teacher which is its agent. Thus, subject of the active voice becomes the agent in the passive.

NeoTip
In passive voice, a prepositional verb such ‘wait for’, ‘listen to’ and ‘object to’ must take prepositions and prepositions are used at the end of the sentence.
In the above example, A is the right option. 

Look at the chart below for all types of passives.

Tenses
Examples
Present simple
Present prog.
Present Perfect
Present Per. Prog.
Urdu is spoken here.
Tea is being prepared.
The house has been
painted
by us.
He has been being
promoted
.
Past simple
Past progressive
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Prog.
The door was painted
yesterday.
The patients were being
taken
to the hospital.
The task had been
accomplished.
The machine had been
being repaired.
Future simple
Future prog.
Future Perfect
Future Perf. Prog.
The criminal will be
punished
today.
The roads will be being
repaired
tomorrow.
The book will have been
written
by him.
I will have been being
hurt
for years by them.
Negatives & Questions
He was not given the
opportunity.
Are you taught English  daily?
What were you disturbed by?
Why have the
boys
been
taken to the hospital?
Infinitives
I don’t want you to be
killed
.
It is to be accepted
that he is true.
The officials are to be
framed
in the next move.
Prepositions
He was operated on/waited
for/
yesterday.
Imperatives
Let the door be shut (by you).
Have the door painted.
Let the child be comforted.
Modals
The TV can be repaired.
He should be advised
properly.
Something must be done
now.
They should have been
financed
.
I want he to be killed.
He has to be promoted
to the higher office.

B: Here is one paragraph with most passives used.

One
summer, along about 1995, a camp was rented by my friend on Lake
Saif-ul-Malooq in Balakot, and we were taken there for the month of
August. We were given antibiotics and even a special suit was being
prepared for us. The time came and a horse was set to climb the
mountains on the glaciers. The face the vacation was thought to be a
success and from then on it was being thought that there was no place
like that Lake in the world. So the place had been frequently visited.
Since then, the place has been totally changed. A new resort is being
built near by and a few cottage, too have been prepare for the visitors.
The new visitors is a healthy sign; but the threat is that the whole
area has been polluted by the new visitors. I had a strong emotion
associated with the lake as it had been visited by me in my childhood,
too. I cannot help but feel that the charm of the place will be
destroyed by the pollutants. The local people and the government should
heed to it or I am afraid, the lake of my imagination will have been
changed into another lake in the world; no more special!

Exercises

1. Change voice of the sentences below!

1. She was watering the plants.
2. We are watching TV.
3. You will be doing the job.
4. They were writing a book.
5. The boy will be composing the book.
6. You have informed them.
7. We had closed the shop.
8. They will have white-washed the house.
9. You had killed our friends.
10. We have been helping the poor.
11. She had been inviting you.
12. We will have been making progress.
13. He has been disturbing you.
14. We don’t insult our elders.
15. She didn’t beat the dog?
16. I didn’t touch your wallet?
17. Where are they holding the procession?
18. We should think about these matters.

19. She did not respect us.
20. Please open your mind.
21. I want you to teach me English.
22. See that they can cause heavy damages to you.

2. Turn actives into the passives.

1. He plays cricket.
2. We are waiting for our friend.
3. She has invited all of us.
4. They have been disturbing us.
5. You insulted him yesterday.
6. I was teaching him.
7. They had planned a holiday.
8. You had been dreaming of Pakistan for years.
9. I will hit you.
10. When was the lecture being attended by her?
11. How long will you await me?
12. We will be writing a letter to him.
13. He will have told me every thing.
14. He will have been watering the plants since 7.
15. Open the door.
16. Don’t disturb him.
17. We must complete the job today.
18. How did you do that?
19. He broke that window?
20. This can take years in its completion.

3. Change the passives into active.

1. Piano is played by him.
2. The door will be painted by me.
3. You are being insulted.
4. The decision has been made.
5. We have been being informed of their actions.
6. The poor were being helped by the rich.
7. The book had been written by him.
8. He has been told to go home.
9. The request had been being made for years.
10. We will be advised to stay home.
11. She will be being told not to go out alone.
12. The preparations will have been being made.
13. I can be trusted.
14. You are going to be tested in English.
15. This problem must be left unsolved.
16. Let him not be punished by me.
17. Why was he fined by the teacher?
18. English will not be learnt by him so easily.

4. Change the voice.

1. They make shoes in that factory.
2. People must not leave bicycles in the street.
3. We were told to wait here.
4. They built that skyscraper in 1934.
5. They are repairing the streets this month.
6. $400,00 in profit has been reported this year.
7. They make these tools of plastic.
8. They have finished the new product design.
9. They were cooking dinner when I arrived.
10. He painted his picture in 2001.
11. Did the plan interest you?
12. You should take care when working in the lab.
13. They are going to perform music next Sunday.
14. Lectures are recorded and posted on line.
15. Urdu has always been spoken in this village.
16. Someone will speak English at the meeting.
17. Karen is going to prepare the refreshments.
18. Students are required to wear uniforms.
19. The instructions have been changed.
20. This car was manufactured in Japan by Chang.
21. Why aren’t the exercises being finished now?
22. Casual clothes must not be worn.
23. The test will be given at five o’clock today.
24. The students will finish the course by July.
25. Lunch was being served when we arrived.

1 thought on “Grammar: The Passive Voice Chart”

  1. ANSWERS

    1. Change voice of the sentences below!

    1. The plants were being watered by her.
    2. TV was being watched by us.
    3. The job will be being done by you.
    4. A book was being written.
    5. The book will be being composed by the boy.
    6. They have been informed by you.
    7. The shop had been closed by us.
    8. The house will have been whitewashed by them.
    9. Our friends will have been killed by you.
    10. The poor have been being helped by us.
    11. You had been being invited by her.
    12. Progress will have been being made by us.
    13. You have been being disturbed by him.
    14. Our elders are not insulted by us.
    15. The dog was not beaten by her.
    16. Your wallet was not touched by me.
    17. Where is the procession being held by them?
    18. These matters should be thought about by us.
    19. We were not respected by her.
    20. Let your mind be opened.
    21. You are wanted by me to teach me English.
    22. See that heavy damages can be caused to you by them.

    2. Turn actives into the passives.

    1. Cricket is played by him.
    2. Our friend is being waited for by us.
    3. All of us have been invited by her.
    4. We have been being disturbed by them.
    5. He was insulted by you yesterday.
    6. He was being taught by me.
    7. A holiday had been planned by them.
    8. Pakistan had been being dreamt of by you for years.
    9. You will be hit by me.
    10. How long will I be awaited by you?
    11. A letter will be being written to him by us.
    12. Everything will have been told me by him.
    13. Plants will have been being watered by him since 7.
    14. Let the door be opened.
    15. Let him not be disturbed by him.
    16. The job must be completed by us today.
    17. How was that done by you?
    18. That window was broken by him.
    19. Years can be taken in its completion.

    3. Change the passives into active.

    1. He plays piano.
    2. I will paint the door.
    3. Someone is insulting you.
    4. Someone has made the decision.
    5. Someone has been informing us of their actions.
    6. The rich were helping the poor.
    7. He had written the book.
    8. Someone has told him to go home.
    9. Someone has being making the request for years.
    10. Someone will advise us to stay home.
    11. Someone will be telling her not to go out alone.
    12. Someone will have been making preparations.
    13. Someone can trust me.
    14. Someone is going to test you in English.
    15. Someone must leave the problem unsolved.
    16. Don’t let me punish him.
    17. Why did the teacher fine him?
    18. He will not learn English so easily.

    4. Change the voice.

    1. Shoes are made by them in that factory.
    2. Bicycles must not be left by people in the street.
    3. Someone told us to wait here.
    4. That skyscraper was built by them in 1934.
    5. The streets are being repaired by them this month.
    6. Someone has reported $400,00 profit this year.
    7. These tools of plastic are made by them.
    8. The new product design has been finished by them.
    9. The dinner was being cooked by them when I arrived.
    10. His picture was painted by him in 2001.
    11. Were you interested by the plan?
    12. Care should be taken by you when working in the lab.
    13. Music is going to be performed by them next Sunday.
    14. Someone records lectures and posts them online.
    15. Someone has always spoken Urdu in this village.
    16. English will be spoken by someone at the meeting.
    17. Refreshments are going to be prepared by Karen.
    18. Someone requires students to wear the uniforms.
    19. Someone has changed the instructions.
    20. Chang manufactured this car in Japan.
    21. Why is someone not finishing the exercises now?
    22. Someone must not wear casual clothes.
    23. Someone will give the test at five o’clock today.
    24. The course will be finished by the students by July.
    25. Someone was serving lunch when we arrived.

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